Chapter 30 Test
Shock is the circulatory system's failure to provide sufficient blood and oxygen to all the body's tissues. Which of the following is not a major type of shock?apply a pressure dressing to control bleeding, stabilize the foot for splinting, apply oxygen and transport as a priority patient
An injury caused by heavy pressure to the tissues, such as when an extremity is trapped under a fallen tree, that results in damage to underlying structures, bleeding, and inflammation is called a(n):crash injury
Which of the following statements is true regarding an electrical injury?
Patients with electrical burns may be treated with the automated external defibrillator (AED) and CPR.
Treatment of a source burn is the same as for other thermal burns.
Patients with burns that appear insignificant are treated as having critical injuries.
Which of the following is true concerning lacerations?
They may be caused by penetrating trauma.
They may indicate deeper underlying tissue damage.
They may be caused by blunt trauma.
An injury in which the epidermis remains intact, but blood vessels and cells in the dermis are injured, is called a(n):contusion
Which type of wound has a small opening into the skin, but may be quite deep, and is often caused by instruments such as nails, ice picks, or pencils?puncture
Which of the following best describes a partial thickness burn?the skin is red and moist with blister formation
When managing an electrical burn, the EMT should:
never attempt cpr unless it is within 4 minutes of contact
Which of the following injuries requires the use of an occlusive dressing?open wound either to the neck, to the chest or open wound to the abdomen from which a loop of intestine is protruding
You are treating a 5-year-old for extensive burns. You know that burns pose a greater risk to infants and children. The reason for this is:
their body surface area is greater in relation to their total body size
In caring for a 27-year-old male who has a large laceration on his anterior forearm, you have noticed that your pressure dressing has become saturated with blood. Which of the following should you do next?apply additional dressing material over the top of the original dressing and bandage it in place
A burn extending into the subcutaneous fat would be classified as which type of burn?full thickness
Which of the following is true concerning lacerations?They may be caused by blunt trauma.
They may be caused by penetrating trauma.
They may indicate deeper underlying tissue damage.
Which of the following is recommended when caring for an amputated part?seal the part in a plastic bag and keep it cool
You are examining a 48-year-old patient who has been burned. You decide to use the rule of palm to measure the extent of the burn. What does this mean?the palm of your hand represents 1% of the bodys surface area
Your patient is a 55-year-old male who was found in the parking lot behind a tavern. He states that he was assaulted and robbed by three individuals. He is complaining of being "hit in the face and kicked and punched in my ribs and stomach." Your examination reveals contusions and swelling around both eyes, bleeding from the nose, a laceration of his upper lip, and multiple contusions of the chest, abdomen, and flanks. Which of the following should cause the greatest concern regarding the prehospital care of this patient?potential internal injuries
Which of the following layers of the skin is the most important in insulating the body against heat loss?subcutaneous layer
the meatus isthe external opening of the urethra
Which of the following is of concern with a puncture wound?
An object that remains impaled in the body
Hidden internal bleeding with minimal external bleeding
Strong possibility of contamination
You are dispatched to an auto repair shop for an "accident." You arrive and are told by the owner that one of the workers apparently got his hand in the way while using a high-pressure grease gun and injected the grease into his hand. You find the patient seated in a chair with a coworker applying ice to the injured hand. Your examination reveals a minor round laceration in the hand. The patient is complaining of pain in the area but wants to let the wound take care of itself and go back to work. What should you do?
remove the ice from the wound, then elevate and splint the limb. transport the patient high priority
Which of the following is a type of avulsion?
The skin is partially torn away from the foot.
The skin is stripped off the hand, like removing a glove.
An ear is partially torn away from the head.
Which of the following is a desirable characteristic of dressings used in the prehospital management of most open wounds?sterile
You are assessing a 30-year-old male patient that had his arm caught in a piece of machinery. By the time you arrive, he has been freed. The patient tells you that he does not understand why you were called, but as you inspect the injured limb you notice a small puncture wound. You should have a high index of suspicion of which of the following injuries?high pressure injection
while assessing a 78-year-old male patient who escaped an apartment fire with partial thickness burns to both arms, the EMT must be aware of which of the following?medical conditions may be aggravated by the burn
Your patient is a 25-year-old man who picked up an iron skillet with a very hot handle. He has a reddened area with blisters across the palm of his hand. Which of the following must be avoided in the prehospital management of this wound?application of antibiotic ointment
According to the rule of nines for infants and young children, the patient's head and neck account for what percentage of the total body surface area?
Which of the following is a description of the rule of nines for an adult?
The rules of nines assigns 9 percent to the head and neck, each upper extremity, the chest, the abdomen,
the upper back, the lower back and buttocks, the front of each lower extremity, and the back of each lowerextremity, then 1 percent to the genital region.
Which of the following is considered soft tissue?membranes, muscles, skin
Your patient is a 14-year-old male who crashed his bicycle, landing prone and sliding along a gravel trail. He has deep abrasions to his hands, arms, chest, and knees. The patient has small pieces of gravel, twigs, and dirt embedded in the abrasions. Which of the following is the best way to manage this situation after taking cervical spine immobilization?
Assess for additional injuries, flush away large pieces of debris with a sterile dressing, place dressings on the abrasions, bandage them in place, and transport.
Which of the following is a major function of the skin?protection from the movement, temperature regulation and excretion of wastes
you are treating the amputation of three fingers on a 40-year-old male. The fingers were torn off while he was cleaning his snow blower. You have stopped the bleeding. What should you do with the amputated fingers?
wrap them in a sterile dressing, put them in a plastic back and keep them cool
Which of the following is not an open tissue injury?
16 year old male whose shirt caught on fire resulting in circumferential burns of his chest
You are dispatched to the local high school for a "person struck with a baseball." You arrive on the scene and find a 16-year-old male sitting on the bench. Apparently he was the pitcher and was struck in the abdominal area by a line drive ball that was hit very hard. He states that nothing is hurting except he has some mild pain in the area where he was struck. He is upset that the ambulance was called and wants to go back into the game and continue pitching. Your exam reveals nothing remarkable except mild pain when you palpate the injured area. Vital signs are normal. What is the next step?PPE, apply high concentration oxygen by nonrebreather mask, and transport the patient carefully monitoring the patient during transport
Your patient is a 35-year-old female who spilled a cup of hot coffee on herself. She has an area about twice the size of the palm of her hand on her right thigh that is red and painful, but without blisters. When caring for this injury in the prehospital setting, which of the following is appropriate?apply a dry sterile dressing
Which of the following is the outermost layer of the skin?epidermis
You are dispatched to a local industrial plant for an "electrical injury." You arrive on-scene and find a 46-year-old male lying supine in front of an electrical panel. You are told he was attempting to make a repair and somehow received an electrical shock and was thrown to the ground. The scene is safe and the electricity is off. Your initial exam reveals a conscious person, breathing adequately. Vital signs are normal and there are no obvious signs of burns. Coworkers state that he was unconscious until your arrival. What is the next step?While on the scene, rapidly do a complete assessment, provide oxygen, provide care for potential spineinjuries, and transport as soon as possible after the exam
Your patient is a 32-year-old man with a fish hook that has perforated his hand between the thumb and index finger. Which of the following is the best way to manage the situation in the prehospital setting?leabe the hook in place and try not to disturb ir
Which of the following is of concern in a patient who received burns to his hand when he grabbed a live electrical wire?the extent of tissue damage may be much greater than it appears on the surface
Bleeding from soft-tissue injuries should initially be controlled with which one of the following techniques?direct pressure
Which of the following statements is not true concerning the proper transport of an avulsed ear?it should not be immersed in cooler water or saline
Burns pose a greater risk to infants and children for which of the following reasons?pediatric patients have a greater risk of shock from the burn
When using the rule of palm to estimate the approximate body surface area burned, the patient's palm equals about what percentage of the body's surface area (BSA)?1 percent
You are caring for a 23-year-old female who fell off of a bicycle and sustained a severe laceration on the inside of her upper thigh. Her slacks are torn, and you can see most of the wound. What is the next step?you need to expose the wound completely, control bleeding, clean the surface by simply removing large pieces of foreign matter if any, and dress and bandage the wound.
Which of the following is appropriate in caring for a patient with closed soft-tissue injuries and a significant mechanism of injury (MOI)?
Treat for shock if you think there are internal injuries even if the patient's vital signs are normal.
Splint any swollen, deformed extremities.Anticipate vomiting.
Which of the following is not an open tissue injury?contusion
You assess a 35-year-old female patient with a chemical burn to her right forearm and hand. As you assess the burn, you notice a white powder on the burn. What should be your next step?brush the powder off the patients arm and hand, and then flush with copious amounts of water
While assessing a patient with partial thickness burns to his chest and neck, what should be your highest priority (even if there are no symptoms presently)?airway
A wound in which the epidermis is scraped away with minimal bleeding, such as commonly occurs when a child falls on his knees on a sidewalk, is called a(n):abrasion
Which of the following patients has the greatest likelihood of being cared for in a burn center?30-year-old woman who has full thickness burns on her hand and arm as a result of spilling hot cooking oil on herself
Your patient is a 40-year-old man who was burned when he spilled gasoline on his pants as he was standing near the pilot light of his hot water heater. He has partial thickness burns from his feet to just above his knees, and circumferentially around both legs. Using the rule of nines, which of the following most accurately represents the extent of body surface area burned?18 percent
Which of the following best describes an avulsion?
flap of skin that is partially or completely town away from the underlying tissue
you are dispatched to the local elementary school for an injured student. Upon arrival, you find that two 7-year-olds got into a fight and one of them jabbed a pencil in the other's cheek. The pencil is still sticking out of the child's cheek. When you examine the patient, you cannot see the end of the pencil that went through the cheek, as it appears to be stuck in the palate. There is not significant bleeding, and the child is not having any difficulty breathing. The child is very upset and wants you to pull the pencil out. What should you do?stabilize the object, but dont try to remove it
You are dispatched to an industrial plant for a burn. You arrive and find a 60-year-old male who came in contact with a broken steam line and appears to have partial thickness burns on both hands and arms. He is lying on the ground and coworkers are gently spraying him with water from a nearby hose. What should you do?care for the burn and do a complete patient assessment, including cervical spine precautions
which of the following circumstances should the EMT remove the nail from the injury site?The type of agent that caused the burn
Other illnesses or injuries the patient may haveBody surface area (BSA) involved in the burn
Which of the following is required in the management of all open soft-tissue injuries?use of standard precautions by the emt